10 minutes of exercise a day
The Diet Calorie Counter
Female Cancers
Article in images









How is vulvar cancer diagnosed and treated?

 

 - How is vulvar cancer diagnosed and treated?
How is vulvar cancer diagnosed?

Vulvar cancer is diagnosed through a biopsy. The doctor will take a sample of the lump or tissue in the affected area, and test it for pre-cancerous or cancerous cells.

There are two types of biopsies: an excision biopsy, which is a minor operation done under either local or general anesthetic, and a punch biopsy, in which an instrument that resembles an apple corer is used to remove a small piece of skin.
 
If you are diagnosed with cancer, you will undergo additional tests, which may include a thorough pelvic examination, a cytoscopy (examination of the bladder), a rectal exam, X-rays and CT or MRI scans. All of this is to determine if and where the cancer has spread. 

What is the treatment for vulvar cancer? 

The best treatment options for vulvar cancer depend on the stage at which it was caught. If you have just been diagnosed with VIN (pre-cancerous cells only), your doctor may recommend you have the affected area removed surgically, or that you have a laser treatment to target the abnormal cells.
 
The main treatments used for vulval cancer are surgery, radiotherapy and sometimes chemotherapy. Your specialist may suggest a combination of treatments. The treatment you need depends on the stage of the cancer when it is diagnosed.
 
Regardless of when the cancer is caught, you are likely to require some sort of surgery.

Depending on the stage of your cancer, you may need to have the entire vulva removed, or, if the cancer has spread to other organs, you may need to have a more radical operation that could include removing other nearby organs (ranging from the vagina, the urethra and rectum to the lymph nodes in the groin, to the bladder).
 
If you are not a good candidate for surgery, you will likely have to undergo intensive radiotherapy, sometimes in addition to chemotherapy. And if you do have surgery, your doctor may still recommend a course of radiotherapy either before or after.




  
  


Samantha Fields
21/01/2013
Rank this page: 

Article Plan Female Cancers
Don't miss...
20 Honest Quotes About Dads To Write In Your Father's Day CardSudoku
Next Week's Coronation Street SpoilersHot celebrity men in uniform
Latest… 10/12/2016
Health and Fitness News
Guides
Videos
Can A Massage Help With Trauma? We Tried To Find Out...
8 Ways To Avoid Party Burnout This Festive Season So You Can Slay Your Social Calendar
All Health and Fitness news
5 Ways To Gain More Confidence
Everything You Need To Know About The Weight Watchers Diet
The Fricker method
The Mediterranean Diet
See all Health and Fitness guides
Video: How to stay healthy on holiday
See all Health and Fitness videos
 

Don't miss out!

...Join our newsletter
Get the sofeminine latest straight to your inbox
  OK
Find us on...